Liu Xiaobo

b. 1955, Changchun, Jilin
Literary critic
Liu studied and taught in the Literature Department of Beijing Normal University, receiving his doctoral degree in 1988. He first drew national attention criticizing the Root-seeking school (Xungen pai) in literature and those promoting the value of cultural traditions in the humanities. He developed his arguments in ‘Unavoidable Reflections’ (Wufa huibide fansi, 1986), and thereafter in books based on the philosophy of Nietzsche, among them Aesthetics and Freedom (Shenmei yü ren de ziyou, 1989) and A Critique of Choice: Dialogues with Li Zehou (Xuanzhe de pipan: yü Li Zehou duihuya, 1988). Opposing the leading aesthetician, Li Zehou, Liu argued that great art was inevitably achieved by abandoning existing values. Thus, the need for individual freedoms outweighs the value of harmony with a given cultural order.
In 1989, while visiting Columbia University, he returned to Beijing to join the demonstrations at Tiananmen Square and was arrested for counter-revolutionary activities. After his release, he again was arrested in 1996 for co-authoring a petition on behalf of democratic reforms that called for the impeachment of Jiang Zemin for violating the existing constitution. Released in 1999, he became a columnist for journals based outside China, while his work remains banned inside the country.
Barmé, Geremie R. (1990). ‘Confession, Redemption and Death: Liu Xiaobo and the Protest Movement of 1989.’ In George Hicks (ed), The Broken Mirror: China after Tiananmen. Essex: Longman.
Mok, Ka-ho (1998). Intellectuals and the State in Post-Mao China. New York: St Martin’s Press.
Solomon, Jon (2002). ‘The Sovereign Police and Knowledgeable Bodies: Liu Xiaobo’s Exilic Critique of Politics and Knowledge’. positions: east asia cultures critique 10.2 (Fall): 399–430.
EDWARD GUNN

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liu Xiaobo — Naissance 28 décembre 1955 (1955 12 28) (55 ans) Changchun, Jilin, Chine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liu Xiaobo — (chinesisch 劉曉波 / 刘晓波; Pinyin: Liú Xiǎobō; Mandarin Aussprache: [ljǒʊ̯ ɕjɑ̀ʊ̯pɔ]; * 28. Dezember 1955 in Changchun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu Xiaobo — en 2008 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liu Xiaobo — may refer to:*Liu Xiaobo (intellectual), Chinese intellectual and human rights activist *Liu Xiaobo (taekwondo), Chinese taekwondo pratitioner …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Xiaobo — /lju ʃaʊˈbɔ/ (say lyooh show baw) noun born 1955, Chinese dissident intellectual, writer and human rights activist; Nobel Peace prize 2010 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Liu Xiaobo (intellectual) — Liu Xiaobo (Chinese: 刘晓波; Pinyin: Liú Xiǎobō; born 1955 in Changchun) is a critical intellectual and human rights activist in reform era China. Liu is now (2007) President of [http://www.penchinese.net/en/enindex.htm Chinese Independent PEN] .… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Xiaobo (taekwondo) — Liu Xiaobo (Chinese: 劉哮波; Pinyin: Liú Xiàobō) is a male Chinese Taekwondo practitioner who competes at the 2008 Summer Olympics.References* http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008 07/20/content 8577298.htm …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Xia (artiste) — Liu Xia, née en 1959 à Pékin, est une peintre, poète et photographe chinoise. Elle est plus connue comme étant la femme de l homme qui a reçu le prix Nobel de la paix en 2010, Liu Xiaobo[1]. Elle réside à Pékin où elle est en résidence surveillée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liú — Liu ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Die Transkription Liu kann mit unterschiedlichen chinesischen Schriftzeichen ausgeführt werden, die Familiennamen 劉; (刘 in Kurzzeichen) (Lau auf kantonesisch), 柳, 留 sowie 六. Auf vietnamesisch kann der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu — ist ein chinesischer Familienname. Die Transkription Liu kann mit unterschiedlichen chinesischen Schriftzeichen ausgeführt werden, die Familiennamen 劉; (刘 in Kurzzeichen) (Lau auf kantonesisch), 柳, 留 sowie 六. Auf vietnamesisch kann der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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